Pillars of Islam

What is a pillar of Islam?

A pillar of Islam is essentially one of the fundamental beliefs, values or practices upon which the Islamic faith is based around. The evidence for this is as follows in prophetic saying :

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has explained for us, when he said: “Islam is built upon five [pillars]: the testimony that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; establishing regular prayer (salaah); paying the zakaah; Hajj (pilgrimage) and fasting Ramadaan.” (Agreed upon; narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 8)

How many pillars are there in Islam?


What are the pillars of Islam?

Shahadah – Believing that there is only one God and that Muhammad is the final messenger of God. This is the declaration of faith that all muslims must be adhere to in order to consider themselves as part of Islam.

Salah – Praying the five daily prayers. These happen at various times throughout day depending on the position of the sun. The salah is an obligation upon all muslims who have attained the age of puberty.

Saum – Fasting in the month of Ramadan. All muslims (once again those of whom have reached puberty and beyond) observe fasting from dawn till dusk, where they abstain from food, drink, sex as well as other worldly desires. The purpose of fasting is to attain piety and God-consciousness.

Zakat – Giving charity. All muslims who are not considered poor are entitled to give 2.5% of their annual savings to charity. This is an obligation and is different from other forms of informal charity.

Hajj – Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca. In the 12th month of the Islamic calender, muslims from all around the world travel to Saudi Arabia to perform Hajj and thus partake in specific rituals with the aim of having all of their sins forgiven. This is an obligation upon all muslims who can afford it.