Hadith is an Arabic word that means “Statement” or “Talk”. In Islam Hadiths are the deeds and actions of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH which are explained in statements, words, or stories. Hadiths also explain the moral and humanly qualities of the Prophet. To add more, Hadith is synonymous with the Sunnah.
In the starting era, the word hadith was used in general for reporting news from the Prophet.
The Messenger of Allah PBUH not only conveyed the revelation of the Quran that he received from Allah Almighty but he also explained them and practiced them in his own life; he became a concrete example for all the mankind in the world. Therefore, The Prophet Muhammad PBUH was given the title of the living Quran.
Hadith also helps Islamic scholars to take the guidance for the people to solve their religious issues which have been revealed to the last Prophet Muhammad PBUH by Allah Almighty, the following verse are also quoted as evidence for it:
“Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him “(an-Najm, 53/3-4).
Moreover, they say the word hikmah (wisdom) mentioned in the following verse means sunnah:
“Allah did confer a great favor on the Believers when He sent among them an Messenger from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs of Allah, sanctifying them, and instructing them in Scripture and Wisdom, while, before that, they had been in manifest error.” (Aal-i lmran, 3/164)
As a matter of fact, some narrations reported from the Prophet and his Companions put forth this truth. The following is reported from the Messenger of Allah:
“I was given the Book and the like of it (the sunnah)” (Abu Dawud, Sunan, II, 505).
Hassan Ibn Atiyya made the following explanation regarding the issue: “Jibril (Gabriel) brought and taught the sunnah to the Messenger of Allah just as he brought and taught the Quran.” (Ibn Abdilbarr, Jamiu’l Bayani’l-ilm, II, 191).
There is indeed the best example for you to follow, in the Messenger of Allah, for every such person looks forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much. (Surah Ahzab verse 21)
Allah Almighty says in Quran to follow His messenger to get the guidance and to follow his practices to get the right for their lives. Many of the Hadiths are narrated by many Sahabas who were a part of Prophet PBUH’s life. These Hadiths were collected by famous Muhaddiths such as Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim in their Sahih collections. It is recorded that Imam Bukhari travelled miles upon miles to hear hadith which he could collect for his collection, he collected over 100,000 Hadith of which only over 7000 can be found in his Sahih collection.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 3640 Narrated by Zayd ibn Thabit
Zayd said: The Messenger of Allah (saws) ordered us not to write any of his traditions (in his lifetime).
Sahih Muslim Hadith 7147 Narrated by Abu Sa’id al-Khudri
Allah’s Messenger (saws) said: Do not take down (or write) anything from me, and he who took down (wrote) anything from me except the Qur’an, he should efface that and narrate from me, for there is no harm in it; and he who deliberately attributed any falsehood to me, he should in fact find his abode in the Hell-Fire.